Vol 37 No. 1 (2018)


Concordia University of Edmonton
Catherine Caufield holds a doctorate in Religious Studies from the Centre for the Study of Religion in the University of Toronto. She has received a number of awards, including a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Toronto and a Foreign Government Award with the Government of Mexico. She taught at the University of Alberta from 2002-2013 where she served in the Faculty of Nursing and the Faculty of Art’s Religious Studies Program and Latin American Studies Programs. Dr. Caufield coordinated the International Research Capacity-Building Program for Nurses to Study the Drug Phenomenon in the Americas, a program hosted by the Faculty of Nursing and funded by the Organization of American States. Her research areas of interest are hermeneutic literary theory and the expression of religion in contemporary local and global sociopolitical contexts. She has published numerous articles in referred journals, as well as the book Hermeneutical Approaches to Religious Discourse in Mexican Narrative. Her second monograph, Jewish Mexican Neomysticism, is currently in production at an academic press.


Carleton University
The hijab is an issue that feminists criticize, anthropologists interpret, religious authorities prescribe, and politicians and activists promote or oppose. This paper looks at how Muslim women in Canada perform their identity through starting to wear the hijab after arriving in Canada and argues that there is a wide array of reasons for the adoption of the hijab. A tool of liberation from the sex-object role, moral and religious justifications, a “shield” and “protection” from the secular lifestyle and some other women have used the headscarf as a symbol of defiance and resistance. This paper has done in-depth interviews with five young immigrant Muslim women who did not wear a headscarf in their country of origin but started to wear it after a few months living in Canada. To explain this complex behaviour the study recommends combining the strengths of Erving Goffman’s model of social interaction with Alejandro Portes and Rubén G. Rumbaut’s theory of reactive ethnicity.
Concordia Theological Seminary, Kowloon
The present paper examines the classic Jewish exposition of the plural grammatical form related to the Divine in Genesis 35:7. It is situated against Christian exegesis developed in antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Reformation. The Jewish exegetical tradition offered various interpretations of the plural form of נִגְלוּ —which were consistent with the concept of the absolute oneness of the Godhead (fundamental to the Tanakh), and which were rooted in the literary context of Genesis 35:7, and attentive to the grammatical and lexical features of אלוהים . The plural form in Genesis 35:7 was not detected by either the church fathers or by mainstream Christian exegesis during the Middle Ages. Anti-Jewish medieval literature began adducing Genesis 35:7, among the other passages of this kind, as proof of the presence of the trinitarian idea within the Hebrew Bible. This approach was continued and amplified by Martin Luther in contradistinction to other Reformation exegetes who, generally speaking, preferred to appeal to verses such as Genesis 1:26 or Genesis 3:22 in support of their claims.
St. Thomas More College, University of Saskatchewan
Associate Professor, Department of Religion and Culture, St. Thomas More College, University of Saskatchewan, Canada.
The world is faced with virulent social and ecological crises. Associated challenges like global climate change, poverty, racism, biodiversity loss, sexism, and ecological degradation cry out for deeply sustainable solutions. Such solutions can help achieve a situation of socio-ecological flourishing. Synthesizing these premises, this article employs a theo-ecoethical perspective to map Pope Francis’s vision for sustainable social and ecological relationships as sourced in his first social encyclical, Laudato Si’. Through this approach it is demonstrated that in contrast to the premise that Christian belief in the afterlife mitigates against caring for the natural world, the Pope has articulated a faith-filled vision that supports socio-ecological flourishing.
Crandall University
Adam Stewart is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Crandall University, Moncton, New Brunswick.
In this article I do three things. First, I describe the logical coherence of the critic caretaker binary articulated by Russell T. McCutcheon, which argues that, in order to be successful at their work, it is necessary for scholars of religion to be critics, not caretakers, of the religions they study. Second, I describe the logical incoherence of the more recent critical caretaker binary proposed by Atalia Omer, which argues that, when they encounter conflict or social injustice, scholars of religion can successfully operate in a third mode of practice that combines those of critic and caretaker. Finally, using the example of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, I very briefly illustrate how the critical caretaker binary is not only illogical, but also ethically negligent, as its application among Indigenous subjects does violence to these individuals in ways that could be avoided by adhering to the critic caretaker binary.
East Carolina University
Dr. Richie is an Assistant Professor in the Bioethics and Interdisciplinary Studies Department, with an Adjunct appointment in the Public Health Department, at the Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University (Greenville, NC). https://ecu.academia.edu/CristinaRichie 
St. Augustine of Hippo believed that original sin is transmitted through concupiscent intercourse. The new assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) now allow humans to create children without any intercourse, thus opening the theological possibility for circumventing the transmission of original sin, if Augustine was correct in his theory. This article will first examine Augustine’s speculative theology of prelapsarian sexual intercourse and procreation, followed by his view on the postlapsarian transmission of original sin. Second, I will describe assisted reproductive technologies, with a focus on in-vitro fertilization. I will then, third, place ARTs within an Augustinian theology of the transmission of original sin, underscoring the implications for a free will, Protestant Christian anthropology, Christology, soteriology, and missiology. I will conclude the article by considering the role of historical theology for modern scientific advancements such as ARTs.
Independent scholar
Belina Neuberger is an independent scholar, Ra’anana, Israel.
Dante’s use of the point, circle, and sphere as images of God and of wax, seal, and light as images of the divine imprint on creation is striking in its likeness to the Platonic and Neoplatonic imagery of the Good and the One, respectively. They convey a similar view of the divine—that of unity, immutability, incorporeality, ubiquitousness, and aseity or existence in and of itself. They view it as the centre and beginning of all creation, as the source of hierarchy in the created world, and as the source of a simultaneous craving for that perfection and for the world of matter, that is for unity and multiplicity.
Taking Flight International, Edmonton, Alberta
Dr. Jane A. Simington, PhD, is the owner and CEO of Taking Flight International Corporation and the developer of the accredited nationally and internationally delivered Trauma Recovery Certification, the Grief Support Certification, and the Suicide Intervention Certification training programs. As a therapist and professor, she combines her professional background in both Nursing and Psychology, with her own experiences of grief, trauma, growth and transformation, along with an extensive knowledge of energy-transfer-healing, dream interpretation, art and guided imagery, to help and heal people of both genders, across the life span, and across cultures. Dr. Simington has been a professor at both the university and college levels both nationally and internationally. Her work is featured in her internationally sold books, audio-recordings and award- winning films. Dr. Simington is a prolific writer, with numerous publications in both the professional and lay literature. Known as the Woman of Hope, Dr. Jane Simington has been honored by Global Television as a Woman of Vision and by the YWCA, as a Woman of Distinction and has received the CARNA Life Time Achievement Award. She was recently named one of the 150 nurses honored by Canada during its 150 years of confederation.
Intrusive Symptoms, including dissociation, are experienced by many of the millions who suffer from Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Dissociation involves a disconnection from the overwhelming emotional content of the traumatic experience, with reactions ranging from brief moments of detachment to complete neurological collapse. The disappointing clinical results in cognitive- behavioral exposure-based therapies have stimulated interest in wholistic methods that addresses the spiritual needs of those who experience trauma symptoms. This paper reviews the research literature suggesting an inverse correlation between spirituality-focused interventions and PTSD symptomology, and provides a neurological and soulful comparison of dissociative symptoms and the application for clinical practice.

Reflections from the Field

York University
Heather Shipley, Advisor, Education & Communications, Centre for Human Rights, Equity, and Inclusion, York University, Toronto, Canada.
"What brings you to Seattle?" "A conference." "What's the conference about?" "Religion." [PAUSE] "ALL religions??"

Book Reviews

University of Lethbridge
University of Lethbridge
Redeeming the Kāmasūtra , by Wendy Doniger. Oxford University Press, 2016. 184 pp. Hb., $11.36 CDN. ISBN: 978-0-19-049928-0
St. Andrew’s College
St. Andrew’s College
Engaging the Doctrine of the Holy Spirit: Love and Gift in the Trinity and the Church , by Matthew Levering. Baker Academic, 2016. 440 + viii pp. Hb., $36.44 CDN. ISBN: 978-0-80-104992-7.
Holy Apostles College and Seminary
Holy Apostles College and Seminary
A Theology in Outline: Can These Bones Live? by Robert W. Jenson and Adam Eitel. Oxford University Press, 2016. 141 pp. Hb., $30.95 CDN. ISBN: 978-0-19-021459-3.
Concordia University of Edmonton
Concordia University of Edmonton
At Home in the World: A Study in Psychoanalysis, Religion, and Art , by Donald Capps. Lutterworth, 2013. 212 pp. Pb., $32.34 CDN. ISBN: 978- 0-71-889322-4.
Concordia University of Edmonton
Concordia University of Edmonton
Textbook Gods: Genre, Text and Teaching Religious Studies , edited by Bengt-Ove Andreassen and James R. Lewis. Equinox, 2014. 271 pp. Hb., $108.45 CDN. ISBN-13: 978-1-78-179054-0.