Rethinking the Second Language Listening Test - From Theory to Practice - John Field

Rethinking the Second Language Listening Test - From Theory to Practice - John Field

2. The Second Language Listener

Rethinking the Second Language Listening Test - From Theory to Practice - John Field

John Field [+-]
University of Bedfordshire
John Field is Reader in Cognitive Approaches to Language Learning at the CRELLA Research Institute, University of Bedfordshire. He previously taught at the University of Reading, UK. He has a long-term interest in second language listening, on which he has written and researched widely; his Listening in the Language Classroom (CUP, 2008) has become a standard work in the field. His thinking is very much formed by his background in psycholinguistics, on which he has published a reference work. He has given consultancy advice on the testing of listening to several international test providers; and has fostered a new area of study evaluating the extent to which tests of second language skills elicit the kind of processes that candidates use in the real world. Recent research projects include advising on listening standards in Rwandan schools and investigating the effects of double play upon scores and candidate behaviour in listening tests. In an earlier life, John was an ELT teacher trainer, schools inspector and materials writer. Besides listening materials, he wrote national coursebooks for Saudi Arabia, radio programmes for the BBC World Service and TV programmes for the Open University of China.

Description

Chapter 2 explores the obstacles faced by a second language learner when in the process of acquiring listening proficiency. They include the need for various types of language-related and cultural knowledge. They include the need to acquire expertise in the skill, so that certain basic processes are achieved in ways that are automatic and leave spare memory capacity for addressing wider issues. They also include a level of strategic competence that enables the listener to overcome early gaps in understanding.

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Citation

Field, John. 2. The Second Language Listener. Rethinking the Second Language Listening Test - From Theory to Practice. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 14-19 Mar 2019. ISBN 9781781797150. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=34785. Date accessed: 21 Aug 2019 doi: 10.1558/equinox.34785. Mar 2019

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