9. Islamic, or Ottoman Archaeology?
Fahri Dikkaya [+]
TED University, Turkey
Islamicate archaeology investigates Islamicate societies and their material culture. However, how can non-Muslim members of society be identified by what we used to call Islamic archaeology? In this context, how can we define the archaeology of multi-national and multi-religious Empires ruled by Muslims, such as the Ottoman Empire? The population in the European part of the Empire was predominantly Christian. Should the archaeology of a non-Muslim village dated to the Ottoman period be identified as Islamic archaeology because of their rulers? Islamic archaeology is a product of Orientalism, a Western creation based on ‘a religious phenomenon’. This paper aims to discuss Ottoman archaeology in Europe and its problematic identification within Islamic archaeology.