9 Repentance ۞ Al-Tawba
A. J. Droge [+]
This sūra deals with various matters connected with struggling for the cause of God. It opens with a renunciation of all treaty obligations with the ‘idolaters.’ This is followed by a short exhortation to fight against the ‘People of the Book.’ Then comes a sustained diatribe against the ‘hypocrites’ and others for their refusal to fight alongside the Prophet. It concludes by emphasizing again the duty to struggle for the cause.