Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations - Hein B. Bjerck

Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations - Hein B. Bjerck

19. Chaloupes and Kayaks: European Mariners and the Seascapes of Intercultural Contact

Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations - Hein B. Bjerck

Amanda Crompton
Memorial University
Lisa Rankin
Memorial University

Description

The Atlantic Ocean knit together diverse groups of people in an increasingly dense set of connections. Between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, French fishermen undertook trans-Atlantic journeys in the quest for marine resources. Some of these ships were drawn to the beaches southern Labrador, where they engaged in a summer-long cod fishery. Their presence was a seasonal one, and at the end of the summer, fishermen returned to home markets in France with their preserved catch. Their seasonal appearance on Labrador’s beaches and in near-shore waters drew the attention of Inuit groups living in the region, and trade relationships quickly developed between the two groups. These cyclical, yearly encounters between French and Inuit became a predictable, if sometimes volatile occurrence. In this chapter, we explore how the seasonal rounds of these two maritime-focused groups intersected. Specifically, we examine where and how the trade occurred, how French and Inuit began to expect and anticipate this interaction, and the role that maritime technology played in these exchanges.

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Citation

Crompton, Amanda; Rankin, Lisa. 19. Chaloupes and Kayaks: European Mariners and the Seascapes of Intercultural Contact. Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 311-323 Nov 2016. ISBN 9781781791363. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=24555. Date accessed: 17 Jul 2019 doi: 10.1558/equinox.24555. Nov 2016

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