Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations - Hein B. Bjerck

Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations - Hein B. Bjerck

9. Searching for Maritime Hunter-gatherer Archaeological Record in the Shifting Shorelines of the South Pacific Coast (Chonos and Guaitecas Archipelago, Chile)

Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations - Hein B. Bjerck

Omar Reyes
Universidad de Magallanes
Manuel San Román
Universidad de Magallanes
Flavia Morello
Universidad de Magallanes

Description

A synthesis of archaeological research developed in Chonos Archipelago, Chile, is presented (43°50’-46°50’S). Results indicate that marine hunter-gatherer sites located in modern day coastlines are commonly eroded by sea tide and ages not older than 1107 years cal. BC. Background information of an older site led to a methodological survey approach for earlier evidence in the northern portion of Archipelago of Guaitecas. This archaeological site GUA-010 was re-evaluated, confirming its chronology of 4313 years cal. BC and its preservation in a higher terrace even with the frequent vertical tectonic movements in the area (43°50’S). The implications of this type of record for reconstructing and explaining initial human occupation of this archipelagic territory are discussed, including maritime adaptation process at the southernmost end of South America.

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Citation

Báez, Omar; Bontesii, Manuel; Repettoii, Flavia. 9. Searching for Maritime Hunter-gatherer Archaeological Record in the Shifting Shorelines of the South Pacific Coast (Chonos and Guaitecas Archipelago, Chile). Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 141-155 Nov 2016. ISBN 9781781791363. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=24563. Date accessed: 21 Jul 2019 doi: 10.1558/equinox.24563. Nov 2016

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