Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations - Hein B. Bjerck

Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations - Hein B. Bjerck

10. Archaeology of Maritime Hunter-gatherers from Southernmost Patagonia, South America: Discussing Timing, Changes and Cultural Traditions during the Holocene

Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations - Hein B. Bjerck

Manuel San Román
Universidad de Magallanes
Omar Reyes
Universidad de Magallanes
Flavia Morello
Universidad de Magallanes
Jimena Torres
Universidad de Magallanes

Description

The main focus of this work is the proposition of an archaeological sequence for marine hunter-gatherers in Southernmost Patagonia, based on the recent study of different coastal archaeological sites in the Magellan strait, Otway Sea and Almirante Montt Gulf, located between 50º and 53º South latitude. This includes discussing timing, changes and cultural traditions during the Holocene within three sets of technological and economic features grouped in consecutive time blocks and characteristic cultural material assemblages: a) Early period (7400-6200 cal yrs BP), b) Intermediate period (4900-2350 cal yrs BP) and c) late period (<1500 cal yrs BP). Discriminating archaeological elements of each assemblage are related with lithic and bone industries, both instrument design and manufacturing techniques, as well as trends of different use of raw materials. Modern research has raised the discussion that these Patagonian populations were characterized by marked homogeneity, stability and cultural continuity, assuming that technological changes could be explained as minor or irrelevant modifications and/or innovations occurring through time. We argue that differences express changes that are best understood when considering the presence of different cultural traditions, based on variations in information circulation, social interaction and their spatial scale of distribution over time. This in turn can be related to exchange or transport of artifacts, ideas or knowledge and people.

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Citation

San Roman, Manuel; Reyes, Omar; Morello, Flavia; Torres, Jimena. 10. Archaeology of Maritime Hunter-gatherers from Southernmost Patagonia, South America: Discussing Timing, Changes and Cultural Traditions during the Holocene. Marine Ventures - Archaeological Perspectives on Human-Sea Relations. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 157-174 Nov 2016. ISBN 9781781791363. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=24565. Date accessed: 24 Sep 2019 doi: 10.1558/equinox.24565. Nov 2016

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