4. Yakut Food Producers Colonising Areas Occupied by Evenk Hunter-gatherers: Fragments of a Process of Cultural Change Caused by Migration
Comparative Perspectives on Colonisation, Maritime Interaction and Cultural Integration - Lene Melheim
Ole Grøn [+]
Norwegian Maritime Museum
Ole Grøn has expertise in Stone Age culture including ethnoarchaeological analogies, studies of submerged Stone Age landscapes and development of relevant survey methods (remote sensing). He has experience from extensive land and maritime eldwork in Denmark, Norway, Siberia and Germany, and he has taught maritime archaeological method at UCL, London. Address for correspondence: Norwegian Maritime Museum, Postboks 720 Skøyen, N-0214 Oslo, Norway. Email: olegron111@ gmail.com
Compared to the previous chapter, Ole Grøn addresses a much more recent and quite well-documented example of colonisation from Sakha/Yakutia in Russia, which can be conceived as expansion by a food-producing culture into an area already inhabited by hunter-gatherers, beginning in the seventeenth century and continuing until the present. Grøn argues that this process has involved cultural, ideological and linguistic aspects as well as changes in the relations between the ethnic groups and sub-groups in the different zones, and is not, therefore—as is often argued in prehistoric cases of ‘neolithisation’—first and foremost a question of ecological adaptation.