Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism - John J. McCarthy

Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism - John J. McCarthy

1. Universal Grammar with Weighted Constraints

Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism - John J. McCarthy

Joe Pater [+-]
University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
Joe Pater is Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He is co-editor (with J. Lidz and W. Snyder) of Oxford Handbook of Developmental Linguistics (forthcoming).

Description

This chapter presents an extensive examination of the typological predictions of weighted constraints, and concludes that they hold considerable promise for typological modeling. Weighted constraints are often held to be unsuitable for the modeling of phonological typology, in that they overgenerate relative to the ranked constraints of Optimality Theory. In more cases than previously imagined, weighted constraints generate the same typology as ranked ones. Where weighted constraints do have greater power, this often allows them to operate with smaller constraint sets, thus potentially creating more restrictive typologies. The genuinely problematic predictions of weighted constraints are often produced in non-local constraint interactions that are also problematic in Optimality Theory. The locality restrictions imposed by Harmonic Serialism often erase differences between ranking and weighting. The paper also provides a tutorial introduction to weighted constraints and a discussion of the relationship of a categorical model of Harmonic Grammar to probabilistic ones.

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Citation

Pater, Joe . 1. Universal Grammar with Weighted Constraints. Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 1-46 Sep 2016. ISBN 9781845531492. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=24941. Date accessed: 17 Aug 2018 doi: 10.1558/equinox.24941. Sep 2016

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