Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism - John J. McCarthy

Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism - John J. McCarthy

6. Positional Constraints in Optimality Theory and Harmonic Grammar

Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism - John J. McCarthy

Karen Jesney [+-]
University of Southern California
Karen Jesney is Assistant Professor of Linguistics at the University of Southern California, where her research focuses on phonological theory, phonological acquisition, and learning theory. She received his PhD in 2011 from the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Description

This paper argues that cumulative interaction of weighted constraints can allow a smaller set of more general constraints to be employed in the analysis of attested languages. The specific focus is on positional asymmetries in the licensing of marked structures. In OT, positional markedness constraints preclude the possibility of a language independently licensing a structure in multiple disjoined contexts – e.g., in onsets or in initial syllables. Basic positional faithfulness constraints can model disjunctive licensing in OT, but cannot model patterns that rely on a conjunction of contexts – e.g., cases where licensing requires being simultaneously in onset and the initial syllable. In Harmonic Grammar positional markedness constraints can model both disjunctive and conjunctive licensing patterns, thereby reducing the size of constraint set needed to capture attested natural language patterns. Case studies from Konni, Tamil and English are presented, and typological predictions are discussed.

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Citation

Jesney, Karen. 6. Positional Constraints in Optimality Theory and Harmonic Grammar. Harmonic Grammar and Harmonic Serialism. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 176-220 Sep 2016. ISBN 9781845531492. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=24944. Date accessed: 27 May 2018 doi: 10.1558/equinox.24944. Sep 2016

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