The Birth of the Academic Article - Le Journal des Sçavans and the Philosophical Transactions 1665-1700 - David Banks

The Birth of the Academic Article - Le Journal des Sçavans and the Philosophical Transactions 1665-1700 - David Banks

Historical background

The Birth of the Academic Article - Le Journal des Sçavans and the Philosophical Transactions 1665-1700 - David Banks

David Banks [+-]
Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France
David Banks is Emeritus Professor of English Linguistics at the Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France. He is a past Director of ERLA (Equipe de Recherche en Linguistique Appliquée) and a past Chairman of AFLSF (Association Française de la Linguistique Systémique Fonctionnelle). His research interests include the synchronic and diachronic analysis of scientific text, and the application of systemic functional linguistics to French. He has published over 80 academic articles and authored or edited over 20 books. His book The Development of Scientific Writing (2008) won the ESSE (European Society for the Study of English) Language and Linguistics Book Award in 2010.

Description

The two journals under study both began in 1665 in France and England. However the historical contexts in these two countries were entirely different. France was totally stable and the economic and cultural centre of Europe. England was in the early years of the Restoration, after decades of chaos. In these circumstances, the respective editors of the journals made different decisions. The Journal des Sçavans was made up mainly of book reviews and covered all disciplines; the Philosophical Transactions was based on Henry Oldenburg’s correspondence, and was restricted to science and technology. They were also each influenced by different philosophical traditions

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Citation

Banks, David. Historical background. The Birth of the Academic Article - Le Journal des Sçavans and the Philosophical Transactions 1665-1700. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 17-44 Feb 2017. ISBN 9781781798300. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=25744. Date accessed: 19 Aug 2019 doi: 10.1558/equinox.25744. Feb 2017

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