Transitivity: actions, events, states
The Birth of the Academic Article - Le Journal des Sçavans and the Philosophical Transactions 1665-1700 - David Banks
David Banks [+]
Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France
David Banks is Emeritus Professor of English Linguistics at the Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France. He is a past Director of ERLA (Equipe de Recherche en Linguistique Appliquée) and a past Chairman of AFLSF (Association Française de la Linguistique Systémique Fonctionnelle). His research interests include the synchronic and diachronic analysis of scientific text, and the application of systemic functional linguistics to French. He has published over 80 academic articles and authored or edited over 20 books. His book The Development of Scientific Writing (2008) won the ESSE (European Society for the Study of English) Language and Linguistics Book Award in 2010.
The process types are analysed for each of the journals. A system of 5 processes is used: material, mental, relational, verbal, and existential. In the case of mental process, a distinction is made between cognitive, perception, and affective processes; similarly, in the case of relational process, a distinction is made between attributive, identifying and possessive types. This is followed by consideration of the use of passive clauses. The results for the two journals are compared.