Traditional Grammar: terms and concepts

A Functional Grammar Guide for Writers - Derek Irwin

Derek Irwin [+-]
University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus
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Derek Irwin is the Head of School for the founding of the School of English at the University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus. He completed his BA (Hon) in Theatre and Literature at the University of Guelph, his MA in English Literature at York University, and his PhD specializing in Canadian Literature and Textual Analysis at York University, Canada. He spent eight years as an ESL instructor in various locations before turning to systemic functional linguistics as a framework for language inquiry. He was a grammar and writing instructor at York University, and a founding faculty member of Lakehead University's Orillia campus, before joining the University of Nottingham, first at the Ningbo China campus and then on to Malaysia. He supervises PhD students in several areas, including second-language pedagogy, genre and text analysis, language modelling, language contact, identity and culture. His most recent critical work focuses on grammatical resources for lexical movement across languages, literary textual analysis, and writing for post-secondary students.
Viktoria Jovanovic-Krstic [+-]
University of Toronto
Viktoria Jovanovic-Krstic is a sessional faculty member at the University of Toronto and a faculty member at Humber Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Jovanovic-Krstic teaches for the Writing and Rhetoric Program and The Faculty of Applied Arts and Science respectively. Her research interests are located in Appraisal Analysis, Business Communications and writing and rhetoric. She teaches courses in writing, rhetoric, and communications. She has published in the areas of war discourse, writing pedagogy, and reading and writing theory


This chapter focuses on the ways that grammar has been taught in the past, and takes students through the terminology from a formal (i.e., word class, phrase structure) to functional (i.e., clause constituent) understanding. It will demonstrate how people have used these labels to understand the underlying organization of language, then taking these patterns and defining them as “rules.” It will use contemporary examples of language to illustrate that there is nothing particularly special in this way of approaching language, except for the value placed on it by language guardians – a theme which will be elaborated and enhanced in the final chapter of the book. By the end of this chapter, readers should be able to recognize parts of speech as most people who have studied grammar would parse them: nouns and verbs, nominal and verbal groups, subjects and predicates.

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Irwin, Derek; Jovanovic-Krstic, Viktoria. Traditional Grammar: terms and concepts. A Functional Grammar Guide for Writers. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. Jan 2022. ISBN 9781781792469. Date accessed: 25 Sep 2020 doi: 10.1558/equinox.26422. Jan 2022

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