Suffixal Rivalry in Adjective Formation - A Cognitive-Corpus Analysis - Zeki Hamawand

Suffixal Rivalry in Adjective Formation - A Cognitive-Corpus Analysis - Zeki Hamawand

Categorisation of adjectival suffixes

Suffixal Rivalry in Adjective Formation - A Cognitive-Corpus Analysis - Zeki Hamawand

Zeki Hamawand [+-]
University of Kirkuk and University of Sulaimani
Zeki Hamawand is Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Kirkuk and a senior lecturer at the University of Sulaimani, Iraq. He is the author of several books including Atemporal Complement Clauses in English: A Cognitive Grammar Analysis (Lincom 2002), Suffixal Rivalry in Adjective Formation: A Cognitive-Corpus Analysis (Equinox 2007), Morpho-Lexical Alternation in Noun Formation (Palgrave 2008), The semantics of English Negative Prefixes (Equinox 2009), and Morphology in English: Word Formation in Cognitive Grammar (Continuum 2011).

Description

This chapter explores the role of categorisation in the semantic description of adjectival suffixes. It attempts to substantiate two principles of CS. One principle is that all language items, lexical or grammatical, have semantic values which motivate their linguistic behaviour. Applying this principle to morphology, I argue that a suffix has semantic import and adds to the meaning of the root which hosts it. Another principle is that linguistic items are polysemous by nature. Applying this principle to morphology, I argue that a suffix has a wide range of senses which gather around a central one. To that end, the chapter is organised as follows. Section 1 reviews the status of categorisation in language in the main theories of thought. Section 2 introduces the prototype approach by touching upon its mechanisms and enumerating its advantages. Section 3 applies the prototype approach to the characterisation of adjectival suffixes by grouping them into categories relative to the word class of the root and the structure of the suffix, namely into de-verbal bound, de-nominal bound and de-nominal free suffixes.

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Citation

Hamawand, Zeki . Categorisation of adjectival suffixes. Suffixal Rivalry in Adjective Formation - A Cognitive-Corpus Analysis. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 44-86 Apr 2007. ISBN 9781845531812. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=29332. Date accessed: 23 Jun 2021 doi: 10.1558/equinox.29332. Apr 2007

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