Prosodic Variation (with)in Languages - Intonation, Phrasing and Segments - Marisa Cruz

Prosodic Variation (with)in Languages - Intonation, Phrasing and Segments - Marisa Cruz

3. High Pre-tonic Falls in Northeastern Brazilian Varieties: May a Prenuclear High Target Spreading Rightward Re-categorize as a Nuclear Leading Tone?

Prosodic Variation (with)in Languages - Intonation, Phrasing and Segments - Marisa Cruz

Marco Barone [+-]
Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Marco Barone is Assistant Professor at the Department of Languages of the Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil. He is an Italian-Brazilian sociolinguist, phonologist and former mathematician. His research area is intonation change, especially focused on the intonational phonology of varieties of Portuguese and Italian in contact. Currently, he coordinates the Committee for Endangered Languages of the Brazilian Association for Linguistics (ABRALIN).
Joelma Castelo [+-]
Universidade Estadual do Paraná, Brazil
Joelma Castelo is Lecturer at the Center of Human Sciences and Education of Universidade Estadual do Paraná, Brazil, and postdoctoral researcher at the University of São Paulo, Brazil. Her research focuses on the phonetics and phonology of intonational variation in Portuguese. Her most relevant publications are Variação entoacional dos enunciados interrogativos, The yes–no question contour in Brazilian Portuguese (Castelo & Frota, 2017), and The perception of yes–no questions across varieties of Brazilian Portuguese (Castelo et al., 2018).

Description

The intonation of northeastern Brazilian Portuguese shows a nuclear falling pitch accent in statements, with a salient high-pretonic rise (Cunha & Colamarco, 2005; Silvestre, 2012), which was labeled in literature as ¡H+L* (Moraes, 2008). This contour was also documented in Recife (PE) and in João Pessoa (PB), through different elicitation tasks, by the authors of the present paper. Four female and two male speakers from Recife aged between 23 and 31, with high school completed, participated in a questionnaire, aimed at eliciting 20 target broad focus statements with a nuclear sentence-final object phrase, varying in syntactic complexity (e.g. compound words, syntactically articulated phrases, phrases with an embedded relative clause) and in number of tone bearing units, distinguishing simple object (1 TBU) from compound object (2 to 5 TBU). Results show that on compound object phrases Recife speakers may use either the hat pattern (39%) or the pre-tonic rise (61%), which is allowed in Pescara only for simple object phrases. The use of the pretonic rise instead of a hat pattern has proven to be sensitive to gender: 79% for women and 37% for men. This suggests that a productive rule PLATEAU > PRETONIC RISE / (if only 1 TBU), similar to Pescara, exists in Recife, but a process of prosodic reanalysis is occurring, led by young female speakers: as the simple object constituents are more frequent, the pre-tonic rise is being applied by analogy to all statements, independently of the number of TBUs, with the reanalysis of the right spreading of the trailing tone of a L+H* prenuclear accent as the leading tone of a nuclear accent.

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Citation

Barone, Marco; Castelo, Joelma. 3. High Pre-tonic Falls in Northeastern Brazilian Varieties: May a Prenuclear High Target Spreading Rightward Re-categorize as a Nuclear Leading Tone?. Prosodic Variation (with)in Languages - Intonation, Phrasing and Segments. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 71-105 Apr 2022. ISBN 9781781794685. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=30067. Date accessed: 24 Jul 2024 doi: 10.1558/equinox.30067. Apr 2022

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