Gender - K. Merinda Simmons

K. Merinda Simmons [+-]
University of Alabama
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K. Merinda Simmons is Associate Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Alabama, and author of Changing the Subject: Writing Women across the African Diaspora (Ohio State University Press, 2014). She focuses in her teaching and research on identi- cations of race, gender, and religion in the Caribbean and the American South.
Craig Martin [+-]
St. Thomas Aquinas College
Craig Martin, Ph.D., is Professor of Religious Studies at St. Thomas Aquinas College. His work focuses on method and theory in the study of religion, as well as discourse analysis and ideology critique of modern rhetoric on religion. His recent works include Capitalizing Religion: Ideology and the Opiate of the Bourgeoisie and A Critical Introduction to the Study of Religion.


This chapter will provide an intellectual history of social constructionism and how discourse on gender as a social construct developed as a response to appeals to a stable, biologically predetermined gendered reality. With surveys of the “waves” of feminism, we will discuss the utility and limitations of the sex/gender dichotomy that emerged to make initial sense of constructionist approaches. In so doing, we will also introduce Judith Butler’s distinction between “performance” and “performativity,” discussing some of the implications of this distinction. Finally, we will offer an analysis of and response to contemporary scholarship on that political and fraught category called “the body.”

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Simmons, K. Merinda; Martin, Craig. Sex/Gender. Gender. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. Oct 2020. ISBN 9781781795446. Date accessed: 21 Sep 2019 doi: 10.1558/equinox.31083. Oct 2020

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