Historical Overview

Experiential Grammar in Systemic Functional Linguistics - Assumptions and challenges - Beatriz Quiroz

Beatriz Quiroz [+-]
Departamento de Ciencias del Lenguaje, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Beatriz is Assistant Professor at the Department of Language Sciences in the Faculty of Letters of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC-Chile), where she teaches and supervises undergraduate and postgraduate students in Linguistics. She completed her PhD at the University of Sydney, Australia, in 2013. Her current research, informed by Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL), focuses on a metafunctionally integrated description of clause systems in Chilean Spanish, with special emphasis on the system-structure principle embodied by the theoretical dimension of axis. Other research interests include the interaction between lexicogrammar and discourse-semantics, and systemic functional language typology. Further details about her work and academic interests can be found at http://beatrizquiroz.weebly.com/

Description

This chapter reviews the ways in which experiential grammar has been dealt with over the decades within SFL, mostly focusing on the ‘transitivity’ analysis or process types analysis in English. Within the Hallidayan tradition, early developments in the description of experiential types - such as major material, mental and relational processes - from a ‘systemic’ and ‘grammar-only’ perspective are firstly reviewed. The chapter then moves on to the shift in emphasis to clause structure along with ‘probes’ for text analysis in early editions of An Introduction to functional grammar (in the 80s and early 90s). Work developed in the context of computational implementation is also examined. This historical exploration then reviews the orientation of richer systemic accounts presented in later editions of IFG in recent years, which co-exist with a number of descriptive proposals oriented to different purposes, including pedagogic applications and (critical) discourse analysis. Finally, the alternative presented to transitivity analysis in the Cardiff model is briefly examined. Reference to other functional models (case grammar, lexicase, RRG) is addressed throughout the chapter when relevant.

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Citation

Quiroz, Beatriz. Historical Overview. Experiential Grammar in Systemic Functional Linguistics - Assumptions and challenges. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. Sep 2019. ISBN 9781781795668. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=31717. Date accessed: 25 Jun 2019 doi: 10.1558/equinox.31717. Sep 2019

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