5. John of the Cross, the Dark Night of the Soul and the Jhānas and the Arūpa States: A Critical Comparative Study
Elizabeth J. Harris [+]
University of Birmingham
This paper examines function and structure within the religious paths advocated by John of the Cross (1542–1591), and the Buddha, with particular reference to the jhānas and the arūpa states, as represented in selected suttas within the Pāli texts. First, John of the Cross and the jhāna and arūpa states are contextualised. The teaching in The Ascent of Mount Carmel and The Dark Night (John of the Cross), and the Sāmaññaphala Sutta, the Nivāpa Sutta and the Anupada Sutta (Sutta Piṭaka) is then summarised. The two are then brought into conversation with each other to examine the extent to which the religious paths described move within the same landscape of spiritual practice. Differences in context and metaphysical underpinning are recognised. The paper argues, nevertheless, that similarities are more than evident, particularly with reference to attachment to sensory objects, discursive thought, and the idea of the self or the ‘I’. The paper demonstrates that the two speak of mystical paths, which share many of the same practices and fruits, although couched in different metaphors.