The Bible for the Curious - A Brief Encounter - Philip R. Davies†

The Bible for the Curious - A Brief Encounter - Philip R. Davies†

7. The Gospels Story

The Bible for the Curious - A Brief Encounter - Philip R. Davies†

Philip R. Davies† [+-]
University of Sheffield, (Emeritus)
Philip R. Davies, who died in 2018, was Professor Emeritus of Biblical Studies at the University of Sheffield. Educated at Oxford and St Andrews, Scotland, he edited, authored or co-authored 37 books on the Dead Sea Scrolls and various aspects of interpretation of the Hebrew Bible, including In Search of Ancient Israel (1992), Whose Bible Is It Anyway? (1995), Scribes and Schools: The Canonization of the Hebrew Scriptures (1998), The Complete World of the Dead Sea Scrolls (2002) and Memories of Ancient Israel: An Introduction to Biblical History (2008). He was co-founder of Sheffield Academic Press and former President of the British Society for Old Testament Study and European Association of Biblical Studies.


The books of the Old Testament are either anonymous or pseudonymous and mostly rewritten and edited more than once. They are also varied in their interests and ideas. The New Testament books are not anonymous (with the exception of the Letter to the Hebrews), but mostly pseudonymous. They all focus on the deity Jesus Christ and were written within the space of a century. The Jewish scriptures are the work of scribal schools, finally given an official authorization (probably by the Hasmonean rulers). No scribal schools or political authorities account for the growth and canonizing of the New Testament; local Christian communities (‘churches’) at first adopted their own list of books, but as these communities developed into larger organizations and hierarchies emerged, culminating with the dominance of the church in Rome, the contents of the New Testament became more widely agreed.

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Davies, Philip. 7. The Gospels Story. The Bible for the Curious - A Brief Encounter. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 83-93 Nov 2018. ISBN 9781781797440. Date accessed: 22 Oct 2021 doi: 10.1558/equinox.35688. Nov 2018

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