Cultural Mapping and Musical Diversity - Britta Sweers

Cultural Mapping and Musical Diversity - Britta Sweers

10. Intangible Cultural Heritage and Policy Making in Poland

Cultural Mapping and Musical Diversity - Britta Sweers

Marzanna Poplawska [+-]
University of Wroclaw
Marzanna Poplawska holds degrees from Warsaw University (M.A. in Musicology, 1998) and Wesleyan University (Ph.D. in Ethnomusicology, 2008). She has studied and taught in Poland (Warsaw University, Wroclaw University), U.K. (Durham University), Indonesia (Institute of Indonesian Arts in Yogyakarta), Ireland (University College Cork), and the United States (Wesleyan University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill). Her primary interests encompass the musical traditions of Indonesia, Southeast Asia, and Central-Eastern Europe as well as acculturation/ enculturation, music and religion, diaspora, and Intangible Cultural Heritage. She is also an active performer of central-Javanese music and dance.


This chapter examines the process of creating and implementing policies for the protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH). Falling back on the case of Poland, it discusses the genealogy of particular governmental institutions (Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, National Heritage Institute) charged with the protection of ICH, pointing to the gradual changes in the nomenclature as the aftermath of the 2003 UNESCO Convention. After dawdling beginnings (Poland signed the Convention in 2011, eight years after its proclamation), the process of implementing ICH has accelerated and livened up in the recent years. The evidence comes with the many events of the Year of Oskar Kolberg (2014) and the first cultural elements inscribed into the national list of ICH, including the first musical cultural element, i.e., the bagpipes tradition from southern Poland (2015). However, the chapter also analyses the advantages and possible dangers of creating the lists of intangible cultural properties as well as problems in forming appropriate criteria for recognizing the enlisted items. The instance of uprooted Polish communities poses particular problems in defining ICH, and the development of cultural tourism raises justified concerns. The current situation of the ICH in Poland is compared to the models developed in Asia (Japan, Korea) and Eastern Europe.

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Poplawska, Marzanna. 10. Intangible Cultural Heritage and Policy Making in Poland. Cultural Mapping and Musical Diversity. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 194-209 Feb 2020. ISBN 9781781797594. Date accessed: 24 Jun 2024 doi: 10.1558/equinox.35834. Feb 2020

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