Conclusion: A Globalized, Consistent, Uniform Vision in 7th Century Jerusalem and Bilad al-Sham
Beatrice St. Laurent [+]
Bridgewater State University
Isam Awwad [+]
Institute of Archaeological Research, Jerusalem
Chapter 16 concludes that Mu’awiya’s reign resulted in a unified vision for monumental and urban development in the entirety of Bilad al-Sham. The Umayyads under Mu’awiya united the former Byzantine and Sasanian realms blending those traditions with those of Umayyad origins in Arabia creating a more globalized culture in the 7th century.