5. Zionism: 'Next Year, in Jerusalem' - but Whose Jerusalem?
Peter Cave [+]
The Open University and New York University (London)
Peter is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, sits on the Council of the Royal Institute of Philosophy and is Patron of Humanists UK and of Population Matters. He has published many papers, light and serious. His books include This Sentence is False: an introduction to philosophical paradoxes and three ‘beginner’s guides’: Humanism; Philosophy; and Ethics. His most recent work is The Big Think Book: Discover Philosophy Through 99 Perplexities. He has written and presented philosophy programmes for BBC radio, and often takes part in public debates.
Peter lives in Soho, central London, enjoys opera, lieder and chamber music (well, he thinks he knows what he likes), even delights in religious music, despite his atheism — and is irritated by builders’ drillings, pointless burglar alarms and unnecessary thuds of music in cafes, restaurants and shops. He is often to be found with a glass of wine — or two.
Dan Cohn-Sherbok [+]
University of Wales (Emeritus Professor) and Rabbi
Dan is the author and editor of a number of books dealing with Israel including Israel: The History of an Idea; The Palestine-Israeli Conflict (with Dawoud El-Alami); Debating Israel and Palestine (with Mary Grey); The Politics of Apocalypse: The History and Influence of Christian Zionism; Introduction to Zionism and Israel: From Ideology to History; The Palestinian State: A Jewish Justification. He has also published several books of cartoons.
Dan lives in Kensington (and Wales) with his wife Lavinia and his Burmese cat. He is frequently to be found drawing cartoons in his London club.
You might think that Zionism was initially embraced by Jews worldwide. But this was not so. The early Zionists such as Theodor Herzl constituted a tiny minority. In The Jewish State (1896), Herzl argued that Jews will never be safe in the lands where they live. The solution to the problem of Jew-hatred is for the Jewish people to have their own country. The vast majority of Jews, however, remained indifferent to this plea. Strictly Orthodox Jews viewed Zionism as a pernicious heresy. According to traditional Judaism, they insisted, Jews must wait for the Messiah to arrive to lead the Jewish people to their ancient homeland. Throughout the world, Orthodox leaders denounced the Zionists and branded Zionism a heresy.