20. How does the Brain Handle Multiple Languages?
The Five-Minute Linguist - Bite-sized Essays on Language and Languages Third Edition - Caroline Myrick
Judith Kroll [+]
University of California, Riverside
Judith F. Kroll is Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Riverside and the former director of the Center for Language Science at Pennsylvania State University. The research that she and her students conduct concerns the way that bilinguals juggle the presence of two languages in one mind and brain. Their work, supported by NSF and NIH, shows that bilingualism provides a tool for revealing the interplay between language and cognition that is otherwise obscure in speakers of one language alone. She is a Fellow of the AAAS, the APA, the APS, the Psychonomic Society, and the Society of Experimental Psychologists. She was one of the founding editors of the journal Bilingualism: Language and Cognition (Cambridge University Press), a founding organizer of Women in Cognitive Science, a group developed to promote the advancement of women in the cognitive sciences and supported by NSF (http://womenincogsci.org/), and a co-founder of Bilingualism Matters at UC Riverside (www.bilingualismmatters.ucr.edu).
Kinsey Bice [+]
University of Washington
Kinsey Bice is a post-doctoral researcher in the Department of Psychology at the University of Washington. Her research considers what individual differences make it easier or better to learn a new language later in life, and also how to put people into the right state of mind to maximize language learning. She received her Ph.D. from the Department of Psychology at Pennsylvania State University with a dual title in Language Science and a specialization in Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. Her work has been supported by the NSF, the Dingwall Foundation and the Washington Research Foundation. As a member of Bilingualism Matters, she seeks to dispel myths about bilingualism and language learning to illuminate how bilingualism is not only normal, but most likely beneficial for children, adults, and society.
More people in the world are bilingual than monolingual, suggesting that learning and using two languages is common. The brain can easily juggle two languages but bilingualism has consequences for cognition and for the interplay across the two languages themselves.