‘Flying Gallop’ Iconography and its Representations in the Burial Rites of the Eurasian Bronze Age

Animal Iconography in the Archaeological Record - New Approaches, New Dimensions - Laerke Recht

Igor Chechuchkov [+-]
Institute of History and Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Igor V. Chechushkov. archaeologist, Institute of History and Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. His research interests are trajectories of Bronze Age developments, horse domestication and early utilisation, social complexity, the Sintashta and Alakul’ cultures.
Emma Usmanova [+-]
Saryarka Archaeological Institute, Buketov Karaganda State University, Kazakhstan
Emma R. Usmanova, archaeologist, Saryarka Archaeological Institute. Buketov Karaganda State University (Kazakhstan), director of Lisakovsk Archaelogical expedition. For over 30 years, she has been researching the Lisakovsk area Bronze Age burial sites. Her interests are ancient funeral practices and related rituals, women in past societies, the history of textile and ancient dress.
Olga Gumirova [+-]
Republican newspaper "Druznnye Rebyata," Kazakhstan
Olga N. Gumirova is a journalist, writer, photographer, and an editor of the Department of the Republican Children’s Newspaper “Druzhnye Rebyta” (Kazakhstan). She has participated in over two hundred archaeological expeditions of the Institute of Archeology named after Margulan, and nine international Dzhungarian Kazakh-American expeditions.

Description

In this paper, we consider the origin of the ‘flying gallop’ concept in Inner Eurasia during the Bronze Age. We demonstrate that the concept was well known to the peoples of the Eurasian steppes at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BCE. The case studies of the Novoil’inovskiy 2 cemetery and the Yeshkiol’mes sanctuary allow us to say that the ‘flying gallop’ was represented in ritual contexts and in rock art to symbolically illustrate the myth of the post-mortem travel of the soul to the Otherworld. In the first case, the carcasses of two sacrificed horses were arranged to resemble freely running animals, while the petroglyphs of the Yeshkiol’mes sanctuary indicates that the ‘flying gallop’ concept was utilised in ritual contexts.

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Citation

Chechuchkov, Igor; Usmanova, Emma; Gumirova, Olga . ‘Flying Gallop’ Iconography and its Representations in the Burial Rites of the Eurasian Bronze Age. Animal Iconography in the Archaeological Record - New Approaches, New Dimensions. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. May 2021. ISBN 9781781799260. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=38883. Date accessed: 23 Sep 2020 doi: 10.1558/equinox.38883. May 2021

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