48. Why are There so Many Different Celestial Beings in Tibetan Buddhism?

Buddhism in Five Minutes - Elizabeth J. Harris

Cathy Cantwell [+-]
University of Oxford
Dr Cathy Cantwell is an academic researcher specialising in Tibetan and Himalayan tantric rituals of all periods from the 10th century CE, and especially the ritual texts and practices deriving from the “Early Transmissions” (snga 'gyur rnying ma). This work has included text critical and historical analysis, as well as ethnographic study of contemporary rituals. She was a Research Officer at the Oriental Institute, University of Oxford, from 2002-2015, and is now an Associate Faculty Member. She is President of the UK Association for Buddhist Studies and also an Honorary Fellow at the School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent. Cathy received Buddhist teachings from Kyabje Dudjom Rinpoche during his visit to London in 1979, having earlier had her first introduction to the tantric deity, Vajrakīlaya, from the Sakya Gongma Ngawang Kunga, in London 1978. Beginning academic Tibetan Studies in 1979, she did her Ph.D fieldwork at a Dudjom tradition monastery in Himachal Pradesh, India, 1981-83, and has maintained a life-long interest in this religious tradition.


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Cantwell, Cathy. 48. Why are There so Many Different Celestial Beings in Tibetan Buddhism?. Buddhism in Five Minutes. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. Nov 2021. ISBN 9781800500907. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=40787. Date accessed: 03 Aug 2021 doi: 10.1558/equinox.40787. Nov 2021

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