4. Asymmetry in Japanese Prosodic (Mis)matching: The Need for Align and Match

Syntax Prosody in Optimality Theory - Theory and Analyses - Jennifer Bellik

Junko Ito [+-]
University of California, Santa Cruz
Junko Ito is Professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Jennifer Bellik [+-]
University of California, Santa Cruz
Jennifer Bellik is a Laboratory Phonologist in the Department of Linguistics at theUniversity of California, Santa Cruz.
Nick Kalivoda [+-]
University of California, Santa Cruz
Nick Kalivoda is a Visiting Scholar at the Linguistics Research Center, University of California, Santa Cruz.
Armin Mester [+-]
University of California Santa Cruz
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Armin Mester is Research Professor and Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

Description

Japanese phonological phrasing displays a remarkable asymmetry: four-word left-branching structures [[[a b] c] d] undergo prosodic rebracketing to ((a b) (c d)), while all other three- and four-word syntactic trees are perfectly matched, as in [a [b [c d]]] → (a (b (c d))) (Kubozono 1989). The syntax-prosody mapping constraints of Match Theory (MT; Selkirk 2011) are symmetric, and equally disfavor rebracketing of left and right-branching structures. Thus, within MT, the Japanese rebracketing asymmetry must be due to an asymmetric markedness constraint. But no existing markedness constraint makes the relevant distinction. We show that a hybrid theory combining Match and Align constraints is needed to account for these mappings, and that neither a pure Match or pure Align system can do so. In Japanese, both Match(XP,φ) and Align(XP,L,φ,L) are active.

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Citation

Ito, Junko; Bellik, Jennifer; Kalivoda, Nick; Mester, Armin. 4. Asymmetry in Japanese Prosodic (Mis)matching: The Need for Align and Match. Syntax Prosody in Optimality Theory - Theory and Analyses. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. Mar 2022. ISBN 9780000000000. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=41006. Date accessed: 09 Aug 2020 doi: 10.1558/equinox.41006. Mar 2022

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