12. Conversational Speech and Dysarthria

The Phonetics of Dysarthria - Studies in Production and Perception - Ioannis Papakyritsis

Ioannis Papakyritsis [+-]
University of Patras
Ioannis Papakyritsis is an assistant professor in the department of Speech and Language Therapy at University of Patras and a certified clinician. He has worked as an assistant professor in Western Illinois University. He holds a PhD from the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. His research interests include clinical acoustic phonetics and the analysis of suprasegmentals in neurogenic speech disorders. He is teaching classes on communication disorders at undergraduate and Master’s levels and he has been working as a clinical supervisor of student clinicians and as speech & language therapist. He currently lives in Patras, Greece.
Marie Klopfenstein [+-]
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
Marie Klopfenstein, Ph.D. in an Associate Professor in the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology program, which is part of the Department of Applied Health at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. She teaches undergraduate and graduate classes in phonetics, speech science, and voice. Dr. Klopfenstein has presented and published widely on acoustic and perceptual correlates of speech naturalness. Her other research includes voice services for transgender and gender non-conforming individuals, speech rate, sonority, and phonetic transcription, with current focus on populations with unmet needs and issues with accessing speech and language services.
Ben Rutter [+-]
University of Sheffield
Ben Rutter is a lecturer in Clinical Linguistics at the University of Sheffield. He has a degree in Linguistics and Phonetics from the University of York and did his Ph.D. in the Department of Communicative Disorders at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette under the supervision of Martin J. Ball and Nicole Müller. His research focuses on the role of phonetics in Speech and Language Therapy and he has written extensively on interactional phonetics and dysarthria. More recently he has been working on topics related to the Medical Humanities. Ben is on the editorial board for the journal Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics.

Description

In the chapters that follow we shift our attention to dysarthria secondary to Multiple Sclerosis (MS). We also see a change in methodological approach. The two studies discussed in the book so far have taken a primarily experimental approach to the study of dysarthria. The study described in the proceeding chapters differs in that the methodology adopted is qualitative and the focus is on naturally occurring, conversational speech. This study adopts the approach of interactional phonetics to investigate the manifestation of dysarthria secondary to MS in the conversational speech of two adults from Louisiana, USA. Specifically, we explore how difficulties associated with a breakdown in understanding arise in conversation and how these difficulties are subsequently managed. Crucially, due to the method adopted, these breakdowns in understanding were not elicited or scripted but instead arose naturally during the conversations we recorded. The phonetic and linguistic features of each breakdown are considered, and the subsequent conversational turns are analyzed under a framework inspired in part by conversation analysis (Schegloff, 2002). This chapter serves as an introduction to the study, outlining the features of dysarthria secondary to MS (12.2), the assumptions of interactional phonetics as a method of inquiry (12.4), and then the main research aims of the study (12.5).

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Citation

Papakyritsis, Ioannis ; Klopfenstein, Marie; Rutter, Ben. 12. Conversational Speech and Dysarthria. The Phonetics of Dysarthria - Studies in Production and Perception. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. Aug 2021. ISBN 9781800500181. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=41376. Date accessed: 20 Sep 2020 doi: 10.1558/equinox.41376. Aug 2021

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