A Multi-Method Approach for Studying Environmental-Human Interaction: A Case Study from Dor, the Carmel Coast in Israel

Mediterranean Resilience - Collapse and Adaptation in Antique Maritime Societies - Assaf Yasur-Landau

Gilad Shtienberg [+-]
University of California, San Diego
Gilad Shtienberg is a Koret Postdoctoral fellow at University of California, San Diego. He specializes in the theoretical and practical aspects of landscape processes that occur in the ever-changing coastal environment. His research interests include investigating the complex environment–human interactions from prehistoric times to the modern period, while gaining a unique perspective on social vulnerability to environmental changes. Shtienberg’s studies rely on a multidisciplinary approach incorporating field surveys, borehole coring, sediment analysis, radiometric dating, and surface and subsurface remote sensing techniques. He integrates the produced datasets through Geographic Information System platforms, enabling a holistic, transdisciplinary understanding.
Michael Lazar [+-]
University of Haifa
Michael Lazar is a geophysicist and founding member of the Department of Marine Geosciences, Charney School of Marine Sciences, University of Haifa, Israel. His current research focuses on shallow geophysical applications, from neotectonics to archaeology and Holocene landscape evolution. Michael has also been a professional artist for over 20 years, combining the two worlds of art and science.


Shallow marine, atmosphere, and land systems converge at the coastal zone, acting as agents that modify its morphological and lithostratigraphic characteristics through time. This interface is also known to be rich with archaeological remains and ancient constructions, remnants of prehistoric and historic civilizations whose population was drawn to the moderate temperatures and abundance of resources. Thus, a systematic surface/subsurface mapping and assessment of proxies embedded in the shallow marine and terrestrial parts of the coast are critical for reconstructing paleolandscape changes and can serve as the basis for examining environment-human interactions through time. Here, a workflow is proposed for reconstructing the land-sea interface in four dimensions (X, Y, Z, t). The proposed workflow builds on an ongoing project conducted along the Carmel Coast in northern Israel by establishing an onshore-offshore chronostratigraphic correlation through an amalgamation of elevation raster grids and subsurface data collected by remote sensing techniques, as well as lithological datasets, all acquired by surveying the shallow shelf and terrestrial parts of the coast. The applied methodology and spatiotemporal integration discussed here could be of use in other multidisciplinary investigations conducted in similar high-energy coastal settings aimed at evaluating past environmental changes and targeting the location of prehistoric archaeological sites. Furthermore, this protocol can be utilized for assessing human reaction, adaptation, and resilience to environmental changes.

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Shtienberg, Gilad; Lazar, Michael. A Multi-Method Approach for Studying Environmental-Human Interaction: A Case Study from Dor, the Carmel Coast in Israel. Mediterranean Resilience - Collapse and Adaptation in Antique Maritime Societies. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. Oct 2023. ISBN 9781800503694. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=41498. Date accessed: 07 Feb 2023 doi: 10.1558/equinox.41498. Oct 2023

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