Bronze Age Shipwreck Assemblages – Indicators of Maritime Activity along the Israeli Coast
Mediterranean Resilience - Collapse and Adaptation in Antique Maritime Societies - Assaf Yasur-Landau
Ehud Galili [+]
University of Haifa
Baruch Rosen [+]
Chesapeake Research Institute (retired)
Underwater archaeological research conducted in the last 60 years along the Israeli coast revealed hundreds of shipwreck assemblages. Of these, tens of Bronze Age shipwreck assemblages, characterized by concentrations of one-hole stone anchors, were documented, six of them contain metal ingots. The sites containing metal ingots provide direct evidence for sea-transport of metals along the Levant coast during Bronze Ages. The shipwrecks and the metal ingots seem to mark a meeting zone of major inland and maritime trading-routes providing metals and other needs of the Levantine Bronze Age populations at these periods. The finds will be discussed to reveal the circumstances of the wreckage events, the site formation and the post deposition processes, and will shade light on trading routs and metal sources, as well as on the navigation patterns prevailed during the Bronze ages along the Syro - Canaanite coast.