Bronze Age Shipwreck Assemblages – Indicators of Maritime Activity along the Israeli Coast

Mediterranean Resilience - Collapse and Adaptation in Antique Maritime Societies - Assaf Yasur-Landau

Ehud Galili [+-]
University of Haifa
Ehud Galili, Ph.D., is marine archaeologist, lecturer at the University of Haifa, leading research of submerged Neolithic settlements (1984-2020) and underwater archaeological surveys off the Israeli coast since 1965, focusing on man and sea relations and the rescue of cultural heritage. Galili established the marine unit of the Israel Antiquities Authority and directed it (1990-2004). As a member in the National Committee for the Protection of the coastal Environment (2004-2020) he produced policy documents and risk assessments, aimed at managing and protecting the marine heritage. Research interests: submerged prehistoric settlements, sea level changes, ancient seafaring, shipwrecks, fishing instruments, salt industry.Key words: Metal ingots, stone anchors, Carmel coast, Atlit, Yavne-Yam, Egypt, Byblos, Ugarit, proto harbors, Anchorages.
Baruch Rosen [+-]
Chesapeake Research Institute (retired)
Baruch Rosen, Ph.D., took his BA from the University of Washington, Seattle; his M.Ag. from Oregon State University; and his PhD on food science from North Carolina State University. He conducted research on shellfish in the Chesapeake Research Institute, and went on to work as a government scientist and a laboratory director, associated with teaching, researching and publishing food sciences. Presently retired, he volunteers in organizations and universities, and participates in research and publications associated with archaeology and foodways, marine archaeology, ancient fishing, food science, marine and environmental sciences.


Underwater archaeological research conducted in the last 60 years along the Israeli coast revealed hundreds of shipwreck assemblages. Of these, tens of Bronze Age shipwreck assemblages, characterized by concentrations of one-hole stone anchors, were documented, six of them contain metal ingots. The sites containing metal ingots provide direct evidence for sea-transport of metals along the Levant coast during Bronze Ages. The shipwrecks and the metal ingots seem to mark a meeting zone of major inland and maritime trading-routes providing metals and other needs of the Levantine Bronze Age populations at these periods. The finds will be discussed to reveal the circumstances of the wreckage events, the site formation and the post deposition processes, and will shade light on trading routs and metal sources, as well as on the navigation patterns prevailed during the Bronze ages along the Syro - Canaanite coast.

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Galili, Ehud; Rosen, Baruch. Bronze Age Shipwreck Assemblages – Indicators of Maritime Activity along the Israeli Coast. Mediterranean Resilience - Collapse and Adaptation in Antique Maritime Societies. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. Mar 2022. ISBN 9780000000000. Date accessed: 19 Oct 2020 doi: 10.1558/equinox.41503. Mar 2022

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