Bottom-up and Top-down Theories of Second-language Acquisition

Voice and Mirroring in L2 Pronunciation Instruction - Darren LaScotte

Darren LaScotte [+-]
University of Minnesota
Darren LaScotte holds an MA in TESOL from the University of Minnesota and is currently completing a PhD degree in Second Language Education at the same university, where he is an ESL Teaching Specialist in the Minnesota English Language Program and an Affiliate Faculty member in French & Italian and Curriculum and Instruction. He is also an Adjunct Faculty member in Second Language Teaching and Learning at Hamline University. LaScotte is the author (with B Peters) of Intercultural Skills in Action: An International Student’s Guide to College and University Life in the United States, in press with the University of Michigan Press, and is editor (with C Mathieu and S David) of New Perspectives on Material Mediation in Language Learner Pedagogy, forthcoming with Springer.
Colleen Meyers [+-]
University of Minnesota
Colleen Meyers holds an MA in TESOL from the University of Minnesota, where she was formerly a teacher educator. She has also served as an Adjunct Faculty member in the Second Language Teaching and Learning Program at Hamline University. She is a past recipient of the MinneTESOL Harold B. Allen award and a Fulbright Senior Specialist award to the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. She is a regular presenter at international TESOL (Teacher of English to Speakers of Other Languages) conferences, where she has been invited to lead the Teaching Intonation: What teachers need to know segment of the Pre-Conference Institute on Teaching Pronunciation since 2016. Meyers has co-authored (with G Gorsuch, L Pickering, and D Griffee) English Communication for International Teaching Assistants (2nd edition, Waveland Press); (with S Holt) Success with Presentations and Pronunciation for Success (Aspen Productions); and (with J Smith and A Burkhalter) Communicate: Classroom Communication Strategies for International TAs (Prentice Hall Regents). In addition, Colleen wrote the segment on “Mirroring” for the “Pronunciation for Teachers” website (pronunciationforteachers.com). 
Elaine Tarone [+-]
University of Minnesota
Elaine Tarone is Distinguished Teaching Professor Emerita and retired Director of the Center of Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) at the University of Minnesota.

Description

Chapter 2 reviews the dominance of a bottom-up approach to research on L2 pronunciation that predominated in the second half of the 20 th century. It was structuralist and oriented to segmental analysis, prioritized native-speaker accent, and minimized social factors in speaking. An early exception was instruction for International Teaching Assistants (ITAs).

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Citation

LaScotte, Darren; Meyers, Colleen; Tarone, Elaine. Bottom-up and Top-down Theories of Second-language Acquisition. Voice and Mirroring in L2 Pronunciation Instruction. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. Jan 2023. ISBN 9781800502789. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=42466. Date accessed: 29 Sep 2022 doi: 10.1558/equinox.42466. Jan 2023

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