Background on Cooperative Learning
George M. Jacobs [+]
Educational consultant, Singapore
Anita Lie [+]
Widya Mandala Surabaya Catholic University, Indonesia
Siti Mina Tamah [+]
Widya Mandala Surabaya Catholic University, Indonesia.
The opening book in this series on teacher reflection by Farrell, Reflective Practice in ELT, provides readers with a detailed and up-to-date background on reflection by language teachers. Chapter 1 in the current book aims to provide readers with useful background on cooperative learning. The chapter begins with a history of cooperative learning, highlighting pioneers from the 1970s onwards, while acknowledging their predecessors from earlier in the same century and the 1800s, as well as much further in the past. Cooperative learning also has roots in cultural traditions, as is discussed next. One outstanding feature of cooperative learning is the wide array of theories in both general education and in language education. These theories are profiled next, followed by a brief review of some of the extensive research on cooperative learning that has been done and continues being done.