68. The Pen
A.J. Droge [+]
This sūra opens with a denial that the Prophet is ‘possessed,’ before turning to denounce one of his opponents directly. Next comes a parable warning against arrogant self-satisfaction, followed by a section on eschatological rewards and punishments, and a concluding exhortation to the Prophet. Q68 receives its title from the opening verse in which God swears ‘by the pen,’ perhaps referring to the idea of God’s written revelation or the Book of Destiny by which everything is ordained.