2. Mediterranean Connectivity in Southern Italy

Local Experiences of Connectivity and Mobility in the Ancient West-Central Mediterranean - Linda R. Gosner

Giulia Saltini Semerari [+-]
University of Michigan
Giulia Saltini Semerari is Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor and Assistant Curator at the Museum of Anthropological Archaeology. Her main research interest is Mediterranean connectivity, in particular, the methodological and conceptual challenges of understanding the interplay between local social changes and broad Mediterranean-wide shifts. She initiated and directed an international, collaborative project applying a spectrum of bioarchaeological and archaeological analyses to indigenous and early colonial cemeteries in southern Italy. She is the vice-director of the fieldschool at the indigenous-Greek site of Incoronata (southern Italy), where she is also studies metal finds.


From the end of the Bronze Age to the Archaic period, southern Italy saw dramatic shifts in connectivity as did the rest of the Mediterranean. Here, I discuss the results of a series of bioarchaeological analyses aimed at identifying demographic changes linked to Greek colonization of southern Italy, a key migration phenomenon dated to the 8th-7th centuries BC. Results point to long-term, two-way interactions between southern Italian communities and migrants from across the Aegean. Yet challenges remain in teasing out recurring migration waves and sustained, small-scale mobility between southern Italy and other Mediterranean regions through bioarchaeological analyses. A comprehensive reconstruction of long-term regional diachronic changes in connectivity allows us address these challenges, clarify the interpretation of bioarchaeological analyses, and use them to their full potential by allowing their results to become part of an integrated historical narrative.

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Semerari , Giulia Saltini . 2. Mediterranean Connectivity in Southern Italy. Local Experiences of Connectivity and Mobility in the Ancient West-Central Mediterranean. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. Jan 2024. ISBN 9781800504387. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=44204. Date accessed: 04 Jun 2023 doi: 10.1558/equinox.44204. Jan 2024

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