Divine Covenant - Science and Concepts of Natural Law in the Qur’an and Islamic Disciplines - Ulrika Mårtensson

Divine Covenant - Science and Concepts of Natural Law in the Qur’an and Islamic Disciplines - Ulrika Mårtensson

The Disciplines and ‘the Scientific Qurʾān’

Divine Covenant - Science and Concepts of Natural Law in the Qur’an and Islamic Disciplines - Ulrika Mårtensson

Ulrika Mårtensson [+-]
The Norwegian University of Science and Technology
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Ulrika Mårtensson is Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies at The Norwegian University of Science and Technology. She researches early Islamic history and historiography, focusing on how religious symbols express social contract theories and legal-economic issues. She is also doing research on the Qur'an, employing both historical and exegetical-legal perspectives and comparing early Islamic approaches to the Qur'an with contemporary research. Other research interests concern Islam as it is developing in the institutional contexts and public spheres of the Nordic welfare states; and 'political Islam'.

Description

In Chapter 6, I turn to the Islamic disciplines themselves, selecting linguistics, Prophetic tradition (ḥadīth), political science (siyāsa) and administration (tadbīr), history (taʾrīkh), exegesis (tafsīr), jurisprudence (fiqh), and systematic theology (kalām). In the first part of the chapter, the aim is to show how the topics and concepts related to constitution and social contract are treated within each discipline, with examples from the early and medieval period. The analysis thus tests al-Suyūṭī’s assertion, exploring whether each discipline has corresponding method-related concepts in the Qurʾān, and whether the scholars refer Qurʾānic concepts to topics related to constitution and social contract. In the second part of the chapter, I focus on two scholars from the period 1600–1700, showing how they employ Qurʾānic concepts to develop their critiques of current discourses within the schools of philosophy, theology, and law. They serve here as bridges, connecting the medieval and modern periods.

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Citation

Mårtensson, Ulrika. The Disciplines and ‘the Scientific Qurʾān’. Divine Covenant - Science and Concepts of Natural Law in the Qur’an and Islamic Disciplines. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 178-288 Jun 2022. ISBN 9781781791714. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=23810. Date accessed: 30 Jan 2023 doi: 10.1558/equinox.23810. Jun 2022

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