Hybridity in Systemic Functional Linguistics - Grammar, Text and Discursive Context - Donna R. Miller

Hybridity in Systemic Functional Linguistics - Grammar, Text and Discursive Context - Donna R. Miller

3. Hybridity in TRANSITIVITY: Phraseological and metaphorically derived processes in the system network for TRANSITIVITY

Hybridity in Systemic Functional Linguistics - Grammar, Text and Discursive Context - Donna R. Miller

Gordon Tucker [+-]
Cardiff University (retired)
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Dr Gordon Tucker was formerly Senior Lecturer in the Centre for Language and Communication Research at Cardiff University, and is now, in retirement, Honorary Research Fellow in the same Centre. His research is located within the theory of Systemic Functional Linguistics, and in particular in the area of lexical and phraseological organisation within a Systemic Functional Grammar. He is the author of The Lexicogrammar of Adjectives (1998, Cassell Academic), and has published more than 40 journal articles and book chapters. He has taught courses as an invited scholar and has been a plenary speaker in Canada, India, South Korea, Brazil, Venezuela, France, Madagascar, Germany, Italy, Belgium and the United Kingdom. Much of his research and subsequent publications have involved modelling lexicogrammatical organisation in the light of corpus linguistic findings, and it has been especially the challenge of corpus linguistic research that has led to his seminal work on phraseology within a Systemic Functional model of language.

Description

Gordon Tucker’s paper represents the alternative Cardiff Grammar (CaG) developed by Robin Fawcett and Gordon Tucker himself. Premising that lexicogrammatical hybridity is a problem for the design and organisation of the system network, Tucker’s chapter investigates hybridity in the transitivity system, scrupulously probing the potential interaction of different transitivity types in clausal patterns featuring phraseological and metaphorically derived processes. This he does by putting forward for testing a twofold hypothesis concerning a verb’s lexicogrammatical behaviour vis-à-vis its prototypical and metaphorical senses, after which he proceeds systematically to: a) define the extent to which the process in a given expression is hybrid or not on the basis of its use of metaphor/metonymy; b) apply various criteria tests for determining process type membership in any given expression; c) try out a range of alternatives for modelling these in the system network representation of the meaning potential available to speakers of a language and d) contemplate the lexicogrammatical consequences of each alternative. As the SFL separation of the semantic and lexicogrammatical strata is not shared by CaG, the task of modelling metaphoricity is an even thornier one, which, however, Tucker negotiates admirably. In conclusion he notes, among other qualms, that ‘It does appear that descriptions and procedures set up for prototypical cases strain under the weight of hybridity’. Nonetheless he would shun any solution that involved ‘[b]rushing the problem under the carpet’.

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Citation

Tucker, Gordon. 3. Hybridity in TRANSITIVITY: Phraseological and metaphorically derived processes in the system network for TRANSITIVITY. Hybridity in Systemic Functional Linguistics - Grammar, Text and Discursive Context. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 41-63 Mar 2016. ISBN 9781781790649. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=24291. Date accessed: 13 Jul 2020 doi: 10.1558/equinox.24291. Mar 2016

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