Francis Gooding [+]
This chapter looks at the arrival of the second wave of jazz exiles in 1970s, including the core members of the highly political Malombo Jazz Makers, Julian Bahula and Lucky Ranku, who had been at the forefront of the Black Consciousness movement and toured with Biko; the foundation of Jabula, and its very close connection with the AAM and ANC. It also chronicles the arrival of Ernest Mothle, Mervyn Africa, Ipi Ntombi, Pinese Saul, their link-up with existing exiles in the UK and the political scene in London. It describes the contemporary musical and political developments in SA, including A Ibrahim's return to South Africa to found as-shams, the 1976 uprising, and the phenomenon of alcoholism and depression in London among exiles. Finally, it looks at the Increasing musical links with continental solidarity movements, spearheaded by Jabula.