Philosophical Perspectives on Modern Qur'anic Exegesis - Key Paradigms and Concepts - Massimo Campanini

Philosophical Perspectives on Modern Qur'anic Exegesis - Key Paradigms and Concepts - Massimo Campanini

13: A Phenomenological Path in the Qur’ān

Philosophical Perspectives on Modern Qur'anic Exegesis - Key Paradigms and Concepts - Massimo Campanini

Massimo Campanini [+-]
University of Trento
Massimo Campanini was born in Milan in 1954. He graduated in philosophy at the University of Milan in 1977 with a thesis on Giordano Bruno’s thought. Later he obtained a degree in Arabic at the Institute for the Middle and Far East of Milan in 1984. Lecturer in history and institutions of the Muslim world at the University of Urbino and of Arabic culture at the University of Milan; reader in History of Islamic countries at the Oriental University in Naples; presently, he is Associate professor of Islamic studies at the University of Trento. He published about 100 scientific articles and 30 books, a few of them translated in Spanish, Portuguese and Serbo-croatian. In English he published The Qur’an: The Basics 2nd edition (Routledge 2016), Introduction to Islamic Philosophy (Edinburgh University Press 2008) and The Qur’an: Modern Muslim Interpretations (Routledge 2011).

Description

This chapter is the very core of the book. The validity of a reading that takes phenomenology as its point of departure but which integrates a phenomenological perspective with a hermeneutic one (understood as tension and open demand) is reiterated. Phenomenology in Husserl’s sense is integrated with an eminently ontological vision inspired by Heidegger. Thus it is possible to deal with simple essences (èidos) and their universal value remaining far from the arbitrariness of subjectivity. In Islam Being is God. Phenomenological hermeneutics, by showing truth as a manifestation of and tension towards, emphasises that certainty and reality establish themselves as telos and purpose. The Qur’an does not hide Being in entity, it does not reduce God to man, nor, as Sufism does, does it attribute all the Being of creatures to God. The Qur’an shows (discloses) how God, absent in transcendence, remains present as telos and truth. Abu Hamid al-Ghazali is the pivotal author studied in this chapter with other theologians like Abu Yaqub al-Sijistani and al-Shahrastani.

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Citation

Campanini, Massimo. 13: A Phenomenological Path in the Qur’ān. Philosophical Perspectives on Modern Qur'anic Exegesis - Key Paradigms and Concepts. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 112-132 Oct 2016. ISBN 9781781792315. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=25717. Date accessed: 14 Aug 2020 doi: 10.1558/equinox.25717. Oct 2016

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