The Sheep People - The Ontology of Making Lives, Building Homes and Forging Herds in Early Bronze Age Norway - Kristin Armstrong Oma

The Sheep People - The Ontology of Making Lives, Building Homes and Forging Herds in Early Bronze Age Norway - Kristin Armstrong Oma

The Sheep People: Towards an Archaeology of Ontology

The Sheep People - The Ontology of Making Lives, Building Homes and Forging Herds in Early Bronze Age Norway - Kristin Armstrong Oma

Kristin Armstrong Oma [+-]
University of Stavanger
Dr. Kristin Armstrong Oma is Associate Professor and Head of Research at the University of Stavanger, Archaeological museum (2013-present). She is an archaeologist and holds a PhD in archaeology from the University of Southampton (2002-2004), and a postdoctoral fellowship in archaeology from the University of Oslo (2010-2013). Previously, she was a junior lecturer in the department of archaeology at the University of Oslo, and has also participated in a wide range of archaeological fieldwork. Her research is situated in-between archaeology and human-animal studies. In her scholarly work she actively engages in arenas of archaeology and also of interdisciplinary human-animal studies arenas. She has published extensively on the relationships between humans and animals in the past, and she was guest editor of a Society and Animals special issue on archaeology, as well as co-editor of a World Archaeology volume called Humans and Animals.

Description

Chapter 6 brings together the archaeological evidence, the ethological insights into sheep and sheepdogs and suggests that in Early Bronze Age Rogaland, an intensification of sheep-keeping changed the way of building, the landscape, and the social dynamics of the household. The economic reason underlying the increase in sheep-keeping was probably the development of wool textile production. Humans and sheep became household members, and their proximity led to a new, shared flock: the sheep people. A discussion of how archaeologists use economic models to understand the past leads to a critique of basic economic interpretations, and the shareholder versus the stakeholder model. The stakeholder model is suggested as a more valid interpretation of Bronze Age economy, as it enables working with other species as agents within the household. Within a stakeholder model, recognising the agency of other species makes economic sense. In the closing, reflections on shared lives in the Bronze Age highlights that relationships were probably forged by way of cooperation.

Notify A Colleague

Citation

Armstrong Oma, Kristin. The Sheep People: Towards an Archaeology of Ontology. The Sheep People - The Ontology of Making Lives, Building Homes and Forging Herds in Early Bronze Age Norway. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 129-155 Jun 2018. ISBN 9781781792513. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=26516. Date accessed: 21 Nov 2019 doi: 10.1558/equinox.26516. Jun 2018

Dublin Core Metadata