Early Economy and Settlement in Northern Europe - Pioneering, Resource Use, Coping with Change - Hans Peter Blankholm

Early Economy and Settlement in Northern Europe - Pioneering, Resource Use, Coping with Change - Hans Peter Blankholm

From Russia, with Love – Eastern Intruders in the North Norwegian Mesolithic

Early Economy and Settlement in Northern Europe - Pioneering, Resource Use, Coping with Change - Hans Peter Blankholm

Tuija Rankama [+-]
University of Helsinki
Tuija Rankama, Ph.D. (Brown), is an independent researcher and an Adjunct Professor of archaeology at the University of Helsinki, Finland. Her research interests include arctic and subarctic archaeology, the Stone Age, lithic technology, environmental reconstruction, and site formation processes. She has supervised several excavations in Lapland and directed research projects, such as the Mesolithic Interfaces Project and the ongoing Lapland Pioneers Project (together with Jarmo Kankaanpää). She has also served as Acting Professor and University Lecturer of Archaeology at the University of Helsinki.
Jarmo Kankaanpää [+-]
University of Helsinki
Jarmo Kankaanpää, Ph.D. (Brown), is an independent researcher and Adjunct Professor of Archaeology at the University of Helsinki. He specializes in the ethnology of arctic and subarctic hunter-gatherers, ethnoarchaeology, and Mesolithic archaeology. He has carried out archaeological excavations and surveys for the National Board of Antiquities primarily in Lapland, taught cultural anthropology at the University of Oulu, and served as University Research Fellow at the University of Helsinki. Kankaanpää has directed the Lapland Pioneers Project with Tuija Rankama since 2002.

Description

Interpretations concerning the nature of extant archaeological assemblages can sometimes change radically when the appearance of new information places them in a new context. This is illustrated by a number of Norwegian assemblages in the Varanger Sámi Museum, the Tromsø University Museum, and the Oslo Historical Museum, the peculiar character of which was not evident before the discovery of the Sujala site in northern Finnish Lapland and the chaîne opératoire analysis of its lithic assemblage. This analysis revealed the affiliation of the Sujala assemblage, not only with the aforementioned Norwegian assemblages, but also with a group of Early Mesolithic blade assemblages from northwestern Russia and the eastern Baltic. It also produced a set of technological criteria that can be used for identifying related assemblages even in the absence of traditional key artefact types. In this paper, we present the characteristics of the blade technology at Sujala and at the Russian sites Butovo 1 and Mikulino, and compare them to three excavated sites in the Varangerfjord area, Mortensnes 2/R10, Starehnjunni, and Sæleneshøgda, which are considered to represent the distinctive Phase 2 of the Finnmark Mesolithic. We also describe the surface collections from the unexcavated sites Fállegoahtesajeguolbba and Ovenfor Lossoa’s hus near Nyelv, as well as Nummedal’s finds from Prestestua II at Grense Jakobselv, and demonstrate their close affinity to Sujala and the Phase 2 finds mentioned above. It will be argued that these assemblages represent the first unequivocal evidence of an Early Mesolithic migration from the Post-Swiderian culture sphere in northeastern Europe into northern Lapland and Finnmark, and that they provide tools for understanding the development of the lithic technology in this area and beyond during the Middle Mesolithic.

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Citation

Rankama, Tuija; Kankaanpää, Jarmo. From Russia, with Love – Eastern Intruders in the North Norwegian Mesolithic. Early Economy and Settlement in Northern Europe - Pioneering, Resource Use, Coping with Change. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 139-167 May 2018. ISBN 9781781795170. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=30730. Date accessed: 17 Nov 2019 doi: 10.1558/equinox.30730. May 2018

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