Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe - Conditions for Subsistence and Survival (Volume 1) - Per Persson

Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe - Conditions for Subsistence and Survival (Volume 1) - Per Persson

10. Way Out East: Evidence of Early Maritime Technologies from the East Coast of Sweden

Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe - Conditions for Subsistence and Survival (Volume 1) - Per Persson

Mattias Petterson [+-]
Independent Scholar
Mattias Pettersson is an archaeologist and illustrator resident in Stockholm. His main field of research is prehistoric coastal settlements. Pettersson has conducted several surveys and excavations of coastal sites from different periods, and in connection with this also quaternary studies.
Roger Wikell [+-]
Independent researcher
Roger Wikell has a fil mag in archaeology and runs his own company Wikell Archaeology. Wikell has been engaged in contract archaeology in eastern middle Sweden for 30 years. He has been working with almost all archaeological companies in the region and has been excavating sites from the early Mesolithic to late Viking Age.

Description

This article presents new data from a multidisciplinary project about the earliest Mesolithic settlement in Eastern Middle Sweden. The pioneer sites in the Stockholm area, at 80 masl, can now be dated to 8000–7800 BC. Most interestingly, the project has revealed a number of archipelagic seal hunting stations, which in terms of the occupied islands’ small size and relative isolation are among the most extreme maritime settlements in Scandinavia. Excavations revealed dwelling structures and black lumps of "blubber concrete", a slag-like material, which is the result of heating with blubber oil. A concentration of burned seal bones indicates that hunting of Grey Seal was the main objective. The finds indicate a seal hunting culture capable of rather lengthy sea voyages and all the logistics of hunting and camping on small and remote islands. They give us rare insight to maritime technology during the early post-glacial colonization of Scandinavia.

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Citation

Petterson, Mattias; Wikell, Roger . 10. Way Out East: Evidence of Early Maritime Technologies from the East Coast of Sweden. Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe - Conditions for Subsistence and Survival (Volume 1). Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 245-275 Feb 2018. ISBN 9781781795156. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=30928. Date accessed: 22 Jul 2024 doi: 10.1558/equinox.30928. Feb 2018

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