Reflective Practice and Novice Teachers
Surviving the Induction Years of Language Teaching - The Importance of Reflective Practice - Thomas S. C. Farrell
Thomas S. C. Farrell [+]
This chapter outlines and discusses the concept of reflective practice and why it is important for novice teachers professional development and ultimate survival during their first years. After defining reflective practice, the chapter briefly outlines my recently developed framework for reflecting on practice because I used this framework as tool for the novice teacher to reflect in both years (Farrell, 2015). The framework has five stages or levels: philosophy: the teacher behind the practice or issues related to life history and teacher identity development; principles: Assumptions, values, beliefs about teaching and learning; theory: How we plan and theorize practice: Lesson planning; practice: What teachers actually do in class and beyond practice or the moral implications of what we do inside and outside the classroom. I used the framework deductive (starting with philosophy and moving to principles, then theory and into practice and beyond) because the teacher is a novice.