3. MB II-LB I Transition in North Inner Syria: A Difficult Horizon

Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age - Essays in Honor of Suzanne Richard - Jesse C. Long, Jr.

Frances Pinnock [+-]
Sapienza University of Rome
Frances Pinnock is Associate Professor of Ancient Near Eastern History of Art and Archaeology at the Sapienza University of Rome and co-director with Paolo Matthiae of the Ebla Expedition. Her main research interests are as follows: Syrian and Mesopotamian art and archaeology, with special concern for the third and second millennia BC; gender studies; ancient architecture and urban planning. She is author of six scientific monographs and of more than 100 articles in scientific international journals, encyclopaedias and popular journals.

Description

In this contribution, I will present the archaeological evidence about the phases of LB I–II at Tell Mardikh/Ebla. This was the first period of true decadence of the site: immediately after the destruction around 1600 BCE, there was an attempt to resettle the site, as also happened in other great centers of northern Syria like Alalakh, which had also been destroyed in the same period, or slightly earlier. Unlike other sites, however, the attempt was not successful, although the region of Ebla was under the control of the Hittite Empire, which guaranteed stability. I will present the evidence thus far, and I will analyse the possible reasons for the failure of this experiment of resettlement, which, on the contrary, was successful in other areas of northern Syria, like nearby Tell Afis, Alalakh, and Aleppo.

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Citation

Pinnock, Frances. 3. MB II-LB I Transition in North Inner Syria: A Difficult Horizon. Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age - Essays in Honor of Suzanne Richard. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. Apr 2021. ISBN 9781781797204. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=37732. Date accessed: 11 Jul 2020 doi: 10.1558/equinox.37732. Apr 2021

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