12. Early Bronze IV Settlement, Chronology and Society along the Jordan Rift

Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age - Essays in Honor of Suzanne Richard - Jesse C. Long, Jr.

Steven Falconer [+-]
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Steve Falconer is Professor and Chair of the Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte. He has directed excavations at Tell Abu en-Ni ‘aj, Tell el-Hayyat, Dhahret Umm al-Marar and Zahrat adh-Dhra‘ in Jordan along the Jordan Rift, as well as at Politiko-Troullia, Cyprus.
Patricia Fall [+-]
University of North Carolina, Charlotte
Pat Fall is Professor in the Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte. She has co-directed excavations at Bronze Age sites along the Jordan Rift and on Cyprus. Her research reconstructs and models ancient paleoenvironments, agrarian economies and agricultural terraces in the Levant and Cyprus.

Description

Bayesian modeling of calibrated 14C ages from Khirbat Iskandar, Bab edh-Dhra‘, and Tell Abu en-Ni‘aj bolsters an emerging high chronology for the Southern Levantine Early Bronze Age. The work of Suzanne Richard, especially through the excavation of Khirbat Iskandar, highlights the importance of sedentary settlements amid the mobile pastoralism normally emphasized for Early Bronze IV (EB IV) society. Comparative analysis of radiocarbon dates from Khirbat Iskandar and Bab edh-Dhra‘ permits reexamination of their stratigraphic and chronological correlations. Integration of these results with a Bayesian model of 14C ages from Tell Abu en-Ni‘aj provides a coordinated overview of chronological relationships among these important sedentary communities and through the full course of a newly-lengthened EB IV Period. Jointly, the temporal insights from these settlements contribute to a potential uncoupling of EB IV from the Egyptian First Intermediate Period, both chronologically and interpretively, and a revised orientation toward non-urban settlement as a hallmark of Early Bronze Age society.

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Citation

Falconer, Steven; Fall, Patricia. 12. Early Bronze IV Settlement, Chronology and Society along the Jordan Rift. Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age - Essays in Honor of Suzanne Richard. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. Apr 2021. ISBN 9781781797204. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=37735. Date accessed: 27 May 2020 doi: 10.1558/equinox.37735. Apr 2021

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