Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age - Essays in Honor of Suzanne Richard - Jesse C. Long, Jr.

Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age - Essays in Honor of Suzanne Richard - Jesse C. Long, Jr.

16. The EB IV Household Architecture of Phase A in Area B at Khirbat Iskandar

Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age - Essays in Honor of Suzanne Richard - Jesse C. Long, Jr.

Shelby Webb Green [+-]
Abilene Christian University
Shelby Green is an adjunct instructor in the College of Biblical Studies at Abilene Christian University in Abilene, TX. She has served as Field Supervisor with the Archaeological Expedition to Khirbat Iskandar, Jordan. Her research interests include the interpretation of the Old Testament and the archaeology of space, particularly landscapes and domestic structures.
Jesse C. Long, Jr. [+-]
Lubbock Christian University
Jesse C. Long, Jr., is Professor of Old Testament and Biblical Archaeology in the Smith College of Biblical Studies at Lubbock Christian University, Lubbock, TX. He has served as co-director of the Archaeological Expedition to Khirbat Iskandar, Jordan, since 1994, working closely with Suzanne Richard, his mentor and PI of the excavation. His research interests include the Early Bronze Age in the southern Levant, biblical archaeology, and Hebrew narrative.

Description

Shaped and segmented by culture, architecture is a reflection of the social organization of the society that created it. This paper applies this theory to the Early Bronze Age site of Khirbet Iskandar in Central Jordan. On the heels of the “collapse” of Early Bronze Age II-III urbanism, the succeeding EB IV reflects a sociopolitical organizational change to a rural period of sedentary agricultural settlements, as well as to a complementary stratum of pastoral-nomadic subsistence throughout the southern Levant. The EBIV phase at Khirbet Iskandar is extremely significant in the fact that substantial architecture, such as house complexes, fortifications, and even a gateway, have been uncovered providing opportunity for studying the spatiality of an EBIV permanently settled agricultural settlement. This paper discusses the last occupational phase at Khirbat Iskandar: Phase A in Area B. For each sub-phase of Phase A, it first provides a description of the house complexes and then considers the cultural conventions present in the architecture, through the use of sightline and access analysis diagrams. From this, a sketch of possible “standard” house characteristics in Phase A is constructed. Overall, the Phase A architecture at Khirbat Iskandar shows a trend from less privacy to more privacy between households, as seen in the increasing partitioning of space.

Notify A Colleague

Citation

Green, Shelby; Long, Jr. , Jesse. 16. The EB IV Household Architecture of Phase A in Area B at Khirbat Iskandar. Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age - Essays in Honor of Suzanne Richard. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 237-257 Nov 2021. ISBN 9781781797204. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=37737. Date accessed: 07 Feb 2023 doi: 10.1558/equinox.37737. Nov 2021

Dublin Core Metadata