15. Khirbat Iskandar EB IV: The Household Architecture of Phase A in Area B

Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age - Essays in Honor of Suzanne Richard - Jesse C. Long, Jr.

Shelby Webb Green [+-]
Abilene Christian University
Shelby Green is an adjunct instructor in the College of Biblical Studies at Abilene Christian University in Abilene, TX. She has served as Field Supervisor with the Archaeological Expedition to Khirbat Iskandar, Jordan. Her research interests include the interpretation of the Old Testament and the archaeology of space, particularly landscapes and domestic structures.
Jesse C. Long, Jr. [+-]
Lubbock Christian University
Jesse C. Long, Jr., is Dean of the College of Biblical Studies and Behavioral Sciences and Professor of Old Testament at Lubbock Christian University. He holds degrees from David Lipscomb University (B.A.), Alabama Christian School of Religion (M.A.), Georgia State University (M.Ed.), and Drew University (M.A., M.Phil., and Ph.D.). Jesse enjoys teaching undergraduate and graduate classes in Old Testament and biblical archaeology at LCU and in area churches. His research interests are in Hebrew narrative and archaeology.

Description

Shaped and segmented by culture, architecture is a reflection of the social organization of the society that created it. This paper applies this theory to the Early Bronze Age site of Khirbet Iskandar in Central Jordan. On the heels of the “collapse” of Early Bronze Age II-III urbanism, the succeeding EB IV reflects a sociopolitical organizational change to a rural period of sedentary agricultural settlements, as well as to a complementary stratum of pastoral-nomadic subsistence throughout the southern Levant. The EBIV phase at Khirbet Iskandar is extremely significant in the fact that substantial architecture, such as house complexes, fortifications, and even a gateway, have been uncovered providing opportunity for studying the spatiality of an EBIV permanently settled agricultural settlement. This paper discusses the last occupational phase at Khirbat Iskandar: Phase A in Area B. For each sub-phase of Phase A, it first provides a description of the house complexes and then considers the cultural conventions present in the architecture, through the use of sightline and access analysis diagrams. From this, a sketch of possible “standard” house characteristics in Phase A is constructed. Overall, the Phase A architecture at Khirbat Iskandar shows a trend from less privacy to more privacy between households, as seen in the increasing partitioning of space.

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Citation

Green, Shelby; Long, Jr. , Jesse. 15. Khirbat Iskandar EB IV: The Household Architecture of Phase A in Area B. Transitions, Urbanism, and Collapse in the Bronze Age - Essays in Honor of Suzanne Richard. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. Apr 2021. ISBN 9781781797204. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=37737. Date accessed: 11 Jul 2020 doi: 10.1558/equinox.37737. Apr 2021

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