Key Terms for Language Teachers - A Pocket Guide - Alessandro Benati

Key Terms for Language Teachers - A Pocket Guide - Alessandro Benati

Explicit and Implicit

Key Terms for Language Teachers - A Pocket Guide - Alessandro Benati

Alessandro Benati [+-]
The University of Hong Kong
Alessandro Benati is Director of CAES at The University of Hong Kong (HKU). He is known for his work in second language acquisition and second language teaching. He has published ground-breaking research on the pedagogical framework called processing instruction. He is a member of the REF Panel 2021 and Honorary Professor at the University of York SJ.

Description

• Second language acquisition is largely implicit in nature as it involves implicit learning. However, this does not mean that L2 learners, especially adults, do not attempt to engage explicit learning in some way. • Language competence is difference than language performance. Competence is the implicit and abstract knowledge of a language possessed by native speakers. It is implicit because we are unaware of this knowledge and are unable to articulate its contents. It is abstract because it does not consist of rules such as “verbs must agree with their subjects” but of other syntactic operations that yield sentences that can be described as having verbs that agree with their subjects. Performance instead, refers to how people use language in concrete situations. • L2 learners come to know much more than what they were taught, practiced, or even exposed to. The conclusion of many scholars is that this knowledge is the result of the interaction of universal principles with data from the environment; that is, input. Because internal mechanisms operate outside of awareness, only implicit learning can be involved. • Any aspects of language that are the result of the interaction of innate and universal principles that govern language with the input data are acquired via implicit learning.

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Citation

Benati, Alessandro. Explicit and Implicit. Key Terms for Language Teachers - A Pocket Guide. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 39-42 Feb 2022. ISBN 9781781798812. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=38034. Date accessed: 24 Jan 2022 doi: 10.1558/equinox.38034. Feb 2022

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