14. Panel C: Pilgrimage, Places and Communities
Øystein S. LaBianca [+]
Panel C, like Panel B, explores potential roles of religious ideology in early instances of globalizations, now focusing upon the religious ideology and practice of pilgrimage. As in Panel B, the focus is upon the interaction of local and trans-local/imperial interests and forces in these practices. In chapter 11, church historian Øyvind Norderval explores the genesis of the cultural paradigm of religious pilgrimage, charting the interaction of the imperial and local elites in the construction of the Holy Land. Chapter 12 is written by the historian of ideas, Christine Amadou, focusing specifically upon the cult of St. George in the Levantine city of Lydda, examining the interaction between local ownership and imperial ideology throughout the ages. In chapter 13, social anthropologist Jens Kreinath pursues these entanglements as they occur in present-day Antakya, the northernmost corner of the Levant. Taken together, these studies elucidate how players in l’histoire evénémentielle (represented by imperial initiatives and forces as well as by bishops and other trans-local authorities) interacted with the dynamics of l'histoire conjoncturelle (represented by local elites representing their home communities). It was the co-culminations of these very differently paced registers, and their eventual co-working in specific media and forms that made possible the idea and practice of a pilgrimage to the Holy Land—an idea and practice later taken over by Islam, and then by Zionism, and today exerting considerable influence both in religious communities and in world geo-politics.