14. Interactional Phonetics

The Phonetics of Dysarthria - Studies in Production and Perception - Ioannis Papakyritsis

Ioannis Papakyritsis [+-]
University of Patras
Ioannis Papakyritsis is an assistant professor in the department of Speech and Language Therapy at University of Patras and a certified clinician. He has worked as an assistant professor in Western Illinois University. He holds a PhD from the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. His research interests include clinical acoustic phonetics and the analysis of suprasegmentals in neurogenic speech disorders. He is teaching classes on communication disorders at undergraduate and Master’s levels and he has been working as a clinical supervisor of student clinicians and as speech & language therapist. He currently lives in Patras, Greece.
Marie Klopfenstein [+-]
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
Marie Klopfenstein, Ph.D. in an Associate Professor in the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology program, which is part of the Department of Applied Health at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. She teaches undergraduate and graduate classes in phonetics, speech science, and voice. Dr. Klopfenstein has presented and published widely on acoustic and perceptual correlates of speech naturalness. Her other research includes voice services for transgender and gender non-conforming individuals, speech rate, sonority, and phonetic transcription, with current focus on populations with unmet needs and issues with accessing speech and language services.
Ben Rutter [+-]
University of Sheffield
Ben Rutter is a lecturer in Clinical Linguistics at the University of Sheffield. He has a degree in Linguistics and Phonetics from the University of York and did his Ph.D. in the Department of Communicative Disorders at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette under the supervision of Martin J. Ball and Nicole Müller. His research focuses on the role of phonetics in Speech and Language Therapy and he has written extensively on interactional phonetics and dysarthria. More recently he has been working on topics related to the Medical Humanities. Ben is on the editorial board for the journal Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics.

Description

In this chapter we outline the methodology adopted during the study. The method differs in a number of ways from the methods used in the first two studies. Most notably, the speech samples came from naturally occurring conversation. Moreover, a data driven, qualitative approach to analysis was taken. This can be contrasted with a more traditional, experimental approach. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acoustic-phonetic features associated with self-repair in the conversational speech of two persons with dysarthria secondary to MS. Further to this, to explore the techniques adopted by the conversational participants to resolve difficulties with understandability and as such participate in the ongoing repair sequences. The methodology was guided by interactional phonetics and as such the data were recordings of naturally occurring conversational speech. These were transcribed using conventions inspired primarily by conversation analysis. Turn-by-turn interactional and phonetic analysis was then used to uncover the manifestation of dysarthria in conversation. In this chapter we describe the participants, both of whom where adults with a diagnosis of MS, and their speech characteristics. We also outline the data collection technique and the phonetic analysis. The latter part of the chapter will be useful for any readers wanting to carry out their own interactional phonetic studies, particularly focusing on communication difficulties.

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Citation

Papakyritsis, Ioannis ; Klopfenstein, Marie; Rutter, Ben. 14. Interactional Phonetics. The Phonetics of Dysarthria - Studies in Production and Perception. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. Aug 2021. ISBN 9781800500181. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=41378. Date accessed: 20 Sep 2020 doi: 10.1558/equinox.41378. Aug 2021

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