Cultural Models and Way of Life
Language, Culture, and Knowledge in Context - A Functional-Cognitive Approach - Brian Nolan
Brian Nolan [+]
Technological University Dublin (retired)
In Chapter 6, Cultural models and way of life, we discuss how way of life is defined as the habits, customs, and beliefs of a particular person or group of people. It is a style of living that reflects the attitudes of a person or group, and thereby reflects the cultural models of that society. What then are individual lifestyles, and a way of life, and how do these relate to cultural models? Within cultural and social frames, people develop individual lifestyles, and a way of life. The notion of lifestyle therefore motivates the individual’s active choice of cultural expressions. An individual’s choice of lifestyle, along with their normal everyday activities, is broadly determined by the society and culture in which they belong and the positions occupied within that society and culture. We find, however, that the beliefs, desires, intentions, worldview, and life goals of people are not fully governed by their social or cultural membership. A way of life is developed and maintained social and cultural structures intersect, along with an individual’s own actions and choices.