Language, Culture, and Knowledge in Context - A Functional-Cognitive Approach - Brian Nolan

Language, Culture, and Knowledge in Context - A Functional-Cognitive Approach - Brian Nolan

Cultural Models and Way of Life

Language, Culture, and Knowledge in Context - A Functional-Cognitive Approach - Brian Nolan

Brian Nolan [+-]
Technological University Dublin (retired)
Dr. Brian Nolan is a retired Head of School of Informatics and Engineering at the Technological University Dublin, in Ireland. His research interests include linguistic theory at the morpho-syntactic semantic interface, argument structure and valence, constructions in grammar, event structure in language, the architecture of the lexicon and computational approaches to language processing, computational linguistics, speech act theory, context and common ground. His linguistic work has been in the functional linguistic model of Role and Reference Grammar and he has published extensively internationally. In 2012 Dr. Nolan published his book with Equinox on the linguistic structure of Irish in a Role and Reference Grammar account entitled The structure of Modern Irish: A functional account. In 2013, Benjamins published his co-edited volume Linking constructions into functional linguistics – The role of constructions in grammar in their Studies in Language Companion series. His co-edited Benjamin volume on computational linguistics and linguistic theory, Language processing and grammars: The role of functionally oriented computational models was published in 2014, also in their Studies in Language Companion series. He also co-edited a Benjamins book on ‘Causation, transfer and permission’ in linguistic theory, which appeared in early 2015. In January 2017, Benjamins published his co-edited book on complex predication entitled Argument realisation in complex predicates and complex events: Verb verb constructions at the syntax semantic interface. In 2019, Dr. Nolan co-edited a volume with Cambridge Scholars Publishing on the ‘Linguistic perspectives on the construction of meaning and knowledge: The linguistic, pragmatic, ontological and computational dimensions’.

Description

In Chapter 6, Cultural models and way of life, we discuss how way of life is defined as the habits, customs, and beliefs of a particular person or group of people. It is a style of living that reflects the attitudes of a person or group, and thereby reflects the cultural models of that society. What then are individual lifestyles, and a way of life, and how do these relate to cultural models? Within cultural and social frames, people develop individual lifestyles, and a way of life. The notion of lifestyle therefore motivates the individual’s active choice of cultural expressions. An individual’s choice of lifestyle, along with their normal everyday activities, is broadly determined by the society and culture in which they belong and the positions occupied within that society and culture. We find, however, that the beliefs, desires, intentions, worldview, and life goals of people are not fully governed by their social or cultural membership. A way of life is developed and maintained social and cultural structures intersect, along with an individual’s own actions and choices.

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Citation

Nolan, Brian . Cultural Models and Way of Life. Language, Culture, and Knowledge in Context - A Functional-Cognitive Approach. Equinox eBooks Publishing, United Kingdom. p. 101-109 Mar 2022. ISBN 9781800501928. https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/view-chapter/?id=41898. Date accessed: 25 Feb 2024 doi: 10.1558/equinox.41898. Mar 2022

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